3K-5K Curriculum Overview


3-Year-Old Kindergarten

Cognitive Development: Stating name, age and birthday, one-on-one correspondence to 5, counting and classifying objects, counting orally to 10, recognizing numbers to 10, recognizing and writing first name, identifying shapes, colors, and uppercase letters, draw a picture and tell a story.

Social/Emotional Development - Cooperative play, listening, following directions, expressing emotions appropriately, sharing and making friends.

Physical Development - Development of fine motor skills by use of manipulatives, drawing, coloring, painting, drawing lines and circles, holding/using scissors. Development of large motor skills through walking, running, jumping, hopping, throwing, catching, kicking, bouncing.

Health, Nutrition, and Safety - Cleanliness, exercise, healthy eating, safety (following rules, emergencies, fire safety)

4-Year-Old Kindergarten

The following concepts will be introduced and reinforced throughout the school year using hands-on games, fine motor practice, active play, technology, and enrichment activities that will include field trips and guest speakers.

Language/Literacy
Alphabet Knowledge - upper and lower case alphabet recognition, hard consonant and short vowel sounds
Phonemic Awareness - sequencing beginning, middle, and end, recognizing beginning sounds, rhyming words, syllables, recognizing ending sounds, segmenting, stretching and blending sounds including the medial vowel
Concepts of Print - tracking print from top to bottom, left to right, parts of a book, introduction to sight words, differentiating between letters, words, and sentences, using 1:1 correspondence to read print in leveled predictable readers, children as authors, poetry and nursery rhyme recitation
Hand-Writing - proper stroke sequence for upper and lower case alphabet, progress to proper spacing of letters within lined paper, proper spacing of letters and words in sentences
Storytelling - using props to retell familiar children's books, using expressive language, public speaking

Mathematics
Numbers and Numeration - counting objects with 1:1 correspondence, rote counting (counting orally) including counting on from a given number, an awareness of numbers and their uses, number names, use objects to represent numbers, compare and order groups of objects using words such as more, fewer, less, and same
Sorting and Graphing - sorting objects by multiple attributes (color, shape, size) and organizing this data into real and representational graphs, use graphs to compare quantity and answer simple questions
Measurement - discuss and compare weight, length, capacity, and volume, become familiar with standard and non-standard measuring tools, sequence events in time
Geometry - visually discriminate 2 dimensional shapes, recognize shapes in the world around us, work with puzzles
Patterns - extend and create patterns of increasing complexity
Subitizing - recognizing a quantity by sight without counting; i.e dots on dice
Number Problems - begin to understand the part-part-whole relationship, use real objects to create and solve number problems

Science and Social Studies
Plant and animal life cycles
FOSS science units on trees, paper, wood, and fabric
Weather and seasons
STEM activities and simple experiments
Sensory play to reinforce concepts of volume and weight
Nature observations and conservation
Global awareness, geography, and transportation
Simple studies of historical figures
Nutrition and health
Community helpers and Holidays

Social/Emotional Development
Cooperative play, listening, following directions, expressing feelings appropriately.

Physical Development - Development of fine motor skills by use of manipulatives, drawing, coloring, painting, drawing lines and circles, tracing shapes, holding/using scissors, buttoning, zipping, snapping. Development of large motor skills through walking, running, jumping, hopping, skipping, throwing, catching, kicking, bouncing.

Health, Nutrition, and Safety - Cleanliness, exercise, healthy eating, safety (following rules, emergencies, fire safety)

Behavior Management
Pom-Pom Bucket - The wonderful book, Have You Filled A Bucket Today? by Carol McCloud will be read and referenced regularly throughout the year. You can fill a bucket by making people feel good, and in turn your own bucket is filled with good feelings about yourself. You dip someone's bucket by being selfish, hurtful, or unkind. When you're caught being a bucket filler, we add pom-poms to our class bucket. When the Pom-pom bucket is full, the class will receive a special treat like popcorn for snack or bubbles on the playground.
Compliment Chain - When our class receives a compliment from another adult (quiet line in the hallway, good manners at lunch, great behavior at a special), we will add a plastic link to our compliment chain. When the chain reaches the desired length, we will have a celebration!
Love, logic, patience, and consistency - Our classroom will be an environment filled with positive reinforcement and consistent, loving discipline. There will not be a color system or behavior reports. There will be a culture of reasonable expectations and an emphasis on personal responsibility. Disagreements amongst children, testing boundaries, being spirited, these things come with the territory and will be handled on a case by case basis. We have to teach and model the behaviors we want to see. Mostly, if it happens at preschool, it stays at preschool. But if there is an issue that needs your attention, the teacher will promptly contact you. Please also know that you can contact us with concerns or questions. On rare occasions a discipline problem will become a distraction to the learning environment of the class as a whole, in those instances the help of the administration would be enlisted.
Help Wanted - As a preschool team, we would like to enlist your help by reinforcing good manners at home. Courtesy, a respectful tone, and good table manners are an invaluable asset for your child

5-Year-Old Kindergarten

Language and Literacy
Foundation Skills-
Oral Language:
rhyming (songs and poems)
Print Awareness: environmental print
Phonological and Phonemic Awareness:
letter sounds, listening for Beginning, Middle, and Last sound, verbally produces rhyming words, verbally produces opposites, identifies all vowels
Alphabetic Knowledge:
letter names, letter shapes, penmanship/handwriting (both capital and lowercase letters)
Reading and Responding:
Reads High Frequency Words by sight
Reads words phonetically
Reads Emergent-Reader materials with purpose and understanding
Print and Book Awareness: learn about books and covers (author/illustrator)
Decoding strategies
Blending sounds to form words
Language Arts:
Introduction to Writing: prewriting (brainstorming through looking, thinking, talking, listening), drafting, revising, publishing
Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics: nouns, verbs, pronouns, past and present
Writes 1-2 sentences on topic
Writing using phonics skills
Uses Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
Presents and discusses own work and writing

Mathematics -
Counts to 50
Counts to 100
Counts by 5?s and 10?s
Comparisons
Recognizes/complete patterns
Creates basic shapes
Recognizes/writes/arranges 0-20
Tells time to the hour
Tells time to the half-hour
Identifies coins: penny, nickel, dime, quarter
Fractions
Measurement
Addition/Subtraction

Cognitive Skills -
Identifying colors
Stating full name. Birth date, address, telephone number, days of the week, and months of the year

Physical Development -
Development of fine motor skills by using manipulatives, drawing, coloring, painting, drawing lines, and circles, drawing shapes, holding and using scissors.
Development of large motor skills through walking, running, jumping, hopping, skipping, throwing, catching, kicking,bouncing, and dance.

Social Development -
Listening, following directions, working independently, working/playing cooperatively, observing class rules, positive self-concept.
Cleanliness, exercise, healthy eating, safety (following rules for emergencies fire drills, tornado drills, intruder drills)

Social Studies -
Community
Community Helpers and Rules
American Democracy
Making Connections Between past and present

Science-
Scientists and Engineers (experiments)
Exploring Properties of Objects and Materials (speed, motion, push/pull)
Weather Patterns
Natural resources

Handwriting-
Forms letters correctly

Enrichment Classes

SPANISH
In pre-school, Spanish is incorporated during daily calendar time. Basic Spanish vocabulary is practiced orally through songs, finger play, books, videos and games for twenty minutes after snack. Children learn greetings, numbers, the alphabet, colors, parts of the body, family members, clothing, animals, classroom. Oral repetition helps children learn to speak simple phrases as they build a foundation for our ongoing Spanish curriculum. Most of all, learning Spanish is FUN!